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In our daily lives, we often use the word 'diagnoses' as an umbrella term when talking about ADD, ADHD and autism, for example. Here we clarify the terms.

How common are these types of diagnoses?

We live in a time when more and more people are experiencing neuropsychiatric challenges such as ADD, ADHD and autism. It is important to understand that these diagnoses are not just labels but part of the human experience that affects life in different ways. According to research, an estimated 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults globally may have ADHD, while studies suggest that 1.5% of the adult population in Ireland (roughly 60,000 people) has ADHD.

Symptoms and signs: when to seek help?

Seeking help for issues such as concentration difficulties can be a big step towards understanding yourself better. It can also give you the tools to deal with challenges in your daily life. If you recognize any of the following signs, it may be appropriate to have an initial conversation with a psychologist or therapist prior to an ADHD or ADD assessment.

What set our therapist apart was her genuine empathy and personal insight. Not only did she possess a deep understanding of neurodiversity, but she also shared personal experiences that resonated with us, creating an instant connection and fostering a sense of trust!

Benedetta Osarenk

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  • CBT adapted for autism
  • Early intensive behavioral therapy
  • Groups to practice and develop social skills

Therapy can make a huge difference to quality of life. It can help individuals manage symptoms, develop positive coping mechanisms and improve social skills.

It’s okay to ask about diagnoses

Seeking professional help can be a turning point. Many people think that therapy is a sign of weakness or failure but it is actually a strength to be able to ask for help. If you need help managing your mind’s approach to the world, we are always ready to help.

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You are not alone

It can be a huge relief to finally receive a diagnosis and begin a treatment plan. Whether you are a parent seeking help for your child, or you are the one who needs support, remember: you are not alone. There is help available and we make the hard things easier. So don’t hesitate to book a session with one of our experienced therapists or psychologists today.

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12 common questions about ADHD, ADD and autism

What is ADHD?

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a neuropsychiatric diagnosis characterized by difficulties with attention, impulsivity and overactivity.

How does ADD differ from ADHD?

ADD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is similar to ADHD but lacks the hyperactive component. People with ADD may have difficulty focusing but are not overactive.

Are autism and ADHD the same thing?

No, although both are neuropsychiatric conditions, they have different symptoms and treatment methods. Autism involves difficulties with social interaction and communication.

How is ADHD diagnosed?

A doctor or psychologist evaluates symptoms through clinical interviews and standardized tests. Evaluations in a school setting are also common.

What are the treatment options for ADHD?

Common treatment methods include medication such as Ritalin, behavioral therapy, and lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

Can adults have ADHD?

Yes, ADHD is not just a childhood disorder. Many adults live with undetected ADHD and can seek treatment if necessary.

Is ADHD hereditary?

Research shows that ADHD can be hereditary, but environmental factors such as diet and upbringing also play a role.

Is there a cure for autism?

There is no cure for autism, but there are several treatments that can improve quality of life, such as ABA (Applied Behavioural Analysis) therapy and speech therapy.

What school resources are available for children with ADHD?

Special educational supports, including IEPs (Individual Education Plans), can be used to help children with ADHD in school.

How does ADHD affect working life?

ADHD can make it difficult to manage time, organize tasks and focus, but with the right support and accommodations, many people are successful in the workplace.

Can diet affect ADHD symptoms?

Some studies suggest that a balanced diet rich in omega-3 and low in sugar can reduce ADHD symptoms, but more research is needed.

Where to seek help?

If you think you or someone you know has ADHD, autism or a similar condition, it is recommended that you first consult a health care provider or psychologist for assessment and diagnosis.

Written by Ellen Lindgren

Licensed psychologist

Ellen is a licensed psychologist and has experience mainly in clinical psychology where she has worked with various conditions such as stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia, crises and trauma in primary care and psychiatry. She has also worked with research while studying in the US and with affective disorders and insomnia at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.